Reference: Fernandez-Garcia P, et al. (2012) Phosphorylation of yeast hexokinase 2 regulates its nucleocytoplasmic shuttling. J Biol Chem 287(50):42151-64

Reference Help

Abstract


Nucleocytoplasmic shuttling of Hxk2 induced by glucose levels has been reported recently. Here we present evidence that indicates that Hxk2 nucleocytoplasmic traffic is regulated by phosphorylation and dephosphorylation at serine 14. Moreover, we identified the protein kinase Snf1 and the protein phosphatase Glc7-Reg1 as novel regulatory partners for the nucleocytoplasmic shuttling of Hxk2. Functional studies revealed that, in contrast to the wild-type protein, the dephosphorylation-mimicking mutant of Hxk2 retains its nuclear localization in low glucose conditions, and the phosphomimetic mutant of Hxk2 retains its cytoplasmic localization in high glucose conditions. Interaction experiments of Hxk2 with Kap60 and Xpo1 indicated that nuclear import of the S14D mutant of Hxk2 is severely decreased but that the export is significantly enhanced. Conversely, nuclear import of the S14A mutant of Hxk2 was significantly enhanced, although the export was severely decreased. The interaction of Hxk2 with Kap60 and Xpo1 was found to occur in the dephosphorylated and phosphorylated states of the protein, respectively. In addition, we found that Hxk2 is a substrate for Snf1. Mutational analysis indicated that serine 14 is a major in vitro and in vivo phosphorylation site for Snf1. We also provide evidence that dephosphorylation of Hxk2 at serine 14 is a protein phosphatase Glc7-Reg1-dependent process. Taken together, this study establishes a functional link between Hxk2, Reg1, and Snf1 signaling, which involves the regulation of Hxk2 nucleocytoplasmic shuttling by phosphorylation-dephosphorylation of serine 14.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Fernandez-Garcia P, Pelaez R, Herrero P, Moreno F
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations


Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference