Ethanol was produced at good rates by direct saccharification and fermentation of cello-oligosaccharides with pYBGA1 yeast, a recombinant laboratory yeast expressing beta-glucosidase. Cellobiose in the concentration of 50g/L was directly fermented for 60h with 1x10(8)cells/mL of pYBGA1 yeast at 30 degrees C to give ethanol at an 80% theoretical conversion rate and a concentration of more than 20g/L of concentration. Conversion to ethanol increased with increasing cellobiose concentration in the feed. When cellobiose was used at the concentration of 100g/L, ethanol conversion and concentration increased to 85% and 45g/L, respectively, in 96h incubation. Other cello-oligosaccharides, cellotriose, cellotetraose, and cellopentaose at the concentration of 50g/L, respectively, were also fermented directly for 72h with 1x10(8)cells/mL of pYBGA1 yeast to produce ethanol in the conversion rates and concentrations of 71-73% and 18.0-18.5g/L, respectively. The direct saccharification and fermentation mechanism of cello-oligosaccharides with pYBGA1 yeast, as revealed by HPLC measurements, suggesting that cellotetraose, for example, was saccharificated to cellotriose, cellobiose, and glucose and then fermented to give ethanol. These results suggest that the direct saccharification and fermentation of cello-oligosaccharides with pYBGA1 has several advantages as a simple procedure and for time, cost, and energy consumptions.CI - Copyright (c) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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