Reference: Afek A and Lukatsky DB (2012) Nonspecific Protein-DNA Binding Is Widespread in the Yeast Genome. Biophys J 102(8):1881-8

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Abstract

Recent genome-wide measurements of binding preferences of approximately 200 transcription regulators in the vicinity of transcription start sites in yeast, have provided a unique insight into the cis-regulatory code of a eukaryotic genome. Here, we show that nonspecific transcription factor (TF)-DNA binding significantly influences binding preferences of the majority of transcription regulators in promoter regions of the yeast genome. We show that promoters of SAGA-dominated and TFIID-dominated genes can be statistically distinguished based on the landscape of nonspecific protein-DNA binding free energy. In particular, we predict that promoters of SAGA-dominated genes possess wider regions of reduced free energy compared to promoters of TFIID-dominated genes. We also show that specific and nonspecific TF-DNA binding are functionally linked and cooperatively influence gene expression in yeast. Our results suggest that nonspecific TF-DNA binding is intrinsically encoded into the yeast genome, and it may play a more important role in transcriptional regulation than previously thought.CI - Copyright (c) 2012 Biophysical Society. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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Afek A, Lukatsky DB
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