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Reference: Jiang JQ and Wu M (2012) Predicting multiplex subcellular localization of proteins using protein-protein interaction network: a comparative study. BMC Bioinformatics 13 Suppl 10:S20

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Proteins that interact in vivo tend to reside within the same or "adjacent" subcellular compartments. This observation provides opportunities to reveal protein subcellular localization in the context of the protein-protein interaction (PPI) network. However, so far, only a few efforts based on heuristic rules have been made in this regard. RESULTS: We systematically and quantitatively validate the hypothesis that proteins physically interacting with each other probably share at least one common subcellular localization. With the result, for the first time, four graph-based semi-supervised learning algorithms, Majority, chi2-score, GenMultiCut and FunFlow originally proposed for protein function prediction, are introduced to assign "multiplex localization" to proteins. We analyze these approaches by performing a large-scale cross validation on a Saccharomyces cerevisiae proteome compiled from BioGRID and comparing their predictions for 22 protein subcellular localizations. Furthermore, we build an ensemble classifier to associate 529 unlabeled and 137 ambiguously-annotated proteins with subcellular localizations, most of which have been verified in the previous experimental studies. CONCLUSIONS: Physical interaction of proteins has actually provided an essential clue for their co-localization. Compared to the local approaches, the global algorithms consistently achieve a superior performance.

Reference Type
Journal Article
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Jiang JQ, Wu M
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