F(0)F(1)-ATP synthases use the free energy derived from a transmembrane proton transport to synthesize ATP from ADP and inorganic phosphate. The number of protons translocated per ATP (H(+)/ATP ratio) is an important parameter for the mechanism of the enzyme and for energy transduction in cells. Current models of rotational catalysis predict that the H(+)/ATP ratio is identical to the stoichiometric ratio of c-subunits to ?-subunits. We measured in parallel the H(+)/ATP ratios at equilibrium of purified F(0)F(1)s from yeast mitochondria (c/? = 3.3) and from spinach chloroplasts (c/? = 4.7). The isolated enzymes were reconstituted into liposomes and, after energization of the proteoliposomes with acid-base transitions, the initial rates of ATP synthesis and hydrolysis were measured as a function of ?pH. The equilibrium ?pH was obtained by interpolation, and from its dependency on the stoichiometric ratio, [ATP]/([ADP]?[P(i)]), finally the thermodynamic H(+)/ATP ratios were obtained: 2.9 ? 0.2 for the mitochondrial enzyme and 3.9 ? 0.3 for the chloroplast enzyme. The data show that the thermodynamic H(+)/ATP ratio depends on the stoichiometry of the c-subunit, although it is not identical to the c/? ratio.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|