Hearing requires proper function of the auditory hair cell, which is critically dependent upon its actin-based cytoskeletal structure. Currently, ten point mutations in nonmuscle ?-actin have been identified as causing progressive autosomal dominant nonsyndromic hearing loss (DFNA20/26), highlighting these ten residues as functionally important to actin structure and/or regulation. Two of the mutations, K118M and K118N, are located near the putative binding site for the ubiquitously expressed Arp2/3 complex. We therefore hypothesized that these mutations may affect Arp2/3-dependent regulation of the actin cytoskeleton. Using in vitro bulk polymerization assays, we show that the Lys-118 mutations notably reduce actin + Arp2/3 polymerization rates compared with WT. Further in vitro analysis of the K118M mutant using TIRF microscopy indicates the actual number of branches formed per filament is reduced compared with WT and, surprisingly, branch location is altered such that the majority of K118M branches form near the pointed end of the filament. These results highlight a previously unknown role for the Lys-118 residue in the actin-Arp2/3 interaction and also further suggest that Lys-118 may play a more significant role in intra- and intermonomer interactions than was initially hypothesized.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|