Take our Survey

Reference: Kruth KA and Rubenstein PA (2012) Two deafness-causing (DFNA20/26) actin mutations affect Arp2/3-dependent actin regulation. J Biol Chem 287(32):27217-26

Reference Help

Abstract


Hearing requires proper function of the auditory hair cell, which is critically dependent upon its actin-based cytoskeletal structure. Currently, ten point mutations in nonmuscle ?-actin have been identified as causing progressive autosomal dominant nonsyndromic hearing loss (DFNA20/26), highlighting these ten residues as functionally important to actin structure and/or regulation. Two of the mutations, K118M and K118N, are located near the putative binding site for the ubiquitously expressed Arp2/3 complex. We therefore hypothesized that these mutations may affect Arp2/3-dependent regulation of the actin cytoskeleton. Using in vitro bulk polymerization assays, we show that the Lys-118 mutations notably reduce actin + Arp2/3 polymerization rates compared with WT. Further in vitro analysis of the K118M mutant using TIRF microscopy indicates the actual number of branches formed per filament is reduced compared with WT and, surprisingly, branch location is altered such that the majority of K118M branches form near the pointed end of the filament. These results highlight a previously unknown role for the Lys-118 residue in the actin-Arp2/3 interaction and also further suggest that Lys-118 may play a more significant role in intra- and intermonomer interactions than was initially hypothesized.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Authors
Kruth KA, Rubenstein PA
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations


Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference