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Reference: Gulshan K, et al. (2012) Proteolytic degradation of the Yap1 transcription factor is regulated by subcellular localization and the E3 ubiquitin ligase Not4. J Biol Chem 287(32):26796-805

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Abstract


Saccharomyces cerevisiae Yap1 is a transcriptional regulatory protein that serves as a central determinant of oxidative stress tolerance. Activity of this factor is regulated in large part by control of its subcellular location. In the absence of oxidants, Yap1 is primarily located in the cytoplasm. Upon oxidant challenge, Yap1 accumulates rapidly in the nucleus where it activates expression of genes required for oxidative stress tolerance such as the thioredoxin TRX2. Here, we demonstrate that Yap1 degradation is accelerated in response to oxidative stress. Yap1 is folded differently depending on the oxidant used to induce its nuclear localization but is degraded similarly, irrespective of its folded status. Mutant forms of Yap1 that are constitutively trapped in the nucleus are degraded in the absence of an oxidant signal. Degradation requires the ability of the protein to bind DNA and a domain in the amino-terminal region of the factor. Inhibition of the proteasome prevents Yap1 turnover. Screening a variety of mutants involved in ubiquitin-mediated proteolysis demonstrated an important role for the nuclear ubiquitin ligase Not4 in Yap1 degradation. Not4 was found to bind to Yap1 in an oxidant-stimulated fashion. The Candida albicans Yap1 homologue (Cap1) also was degraded after oxidant challenge. These data uncover a new, conserved pathway for regulation of the oxidative stress response that serves to temporally limit the duration of Yap1-dependent transcriptional activation.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Authors
Gulshan K, Thommandru B, Moye-Rowley WS
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