Take our Survey

Reference: Kim Guisbert KS, et al. (2012) Meiosis-induced alterations in transcript architecture and noncoding RNA expression in S. cerevisiae. RNA 18(6):1142-53

Reference Help

Abstract

Changes in transcript architecture can have powerful effects on protein expression. Regulation of the transcriptome is often dramatically revealed during dynamic conditions such as development. To examine changes in transcript architecture we analyzed the expression and transcript boundaries of protein-coding and noncoding RNAs over the developmental process of meiosis in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Custom-designed, high-resolution tiling arrays were used to define the time-resolved transcriptome of cells undergoing meiosis and sporulation. These arrays were specifically designed for the S. cerevisiae strain SK1 that sporulates with high efficiency and synchrony. In addition, new methods were created to define transcript boundaries and to identify dynamic changes in transcript expression and architecture over time. Of 8407 total segments, 699 (8.3%) were identified by our algorithm as regions containing potential transcript architecture changes. Our analyses reveal extensive changes to both the coding and noncoding transcriptome, including altered 5' ends, 3' ends, and splice sites. Additionally, 3910 (46.5%) unannotated expressed segments were identified. Interestingly, subsets of unannotated RNAs are located across from introns (anti-introns) or across from the junction between two genes (anti-intergenic junctions). Many of these unannotated RNAs are abundant and exhibit sporulation-specific changes in expression patterns. All work, including heat maps of the tiling array, annotation for the SK1 strain, and phastCONS conservation analysis, is available at http://groups.molbiosci.northwestern.edu/sontheimer/sk1meiosis.php. Our high-resolution transcriptome analyses reveal that coding and noncoding transcript architectures are exceptionally dynamic in S. cerevisiae and suggest a vast array of novel transcriptional and post-transcriptional control mechanisms that are activated upon meiosis and sporulation.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Authors
Kim Guisbert KS, Zhang Y, Flatow J, Hurtado S, Staley JP, Lin S, Sontheimer EJ
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations

Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference