Reference: Yun Y, et al. (2012) A systematic study of gene expression variation at single-nucleotide resolution reveals widespread regulatory roles for uAUGs. Genome Res 22(6):1089-97

Reference Help

Abstract


Regulatory single-nucleotide polymorphisms (rSNPs) alter gene expression. Common approaches for identifying rSNPs focus on sequence variants in conserved regions; however, it is unknown what fraction of rSNPs is undetectable using this approach. We present a systematic analysis of gene expression variation at the single-nucleotide level in the Saccharomyces cerevisiae GAL1-10 regulatory region. We exhaustively mutated nearly every base and measured the expression of each variant with a sensitive dual reporter assay. We observed an expression change for 7% (43/582) of the bases in this region, most of which (35/43, 81%) reside in conserved positions. The most dramatic changes were caused by variants that produced AUGs upstream of the translation start (uAUGs), and we sought to understand the consequences and molecular mechanisms underlying this class of mutations. A genome-wide analysis showed that genes with uAUGs display significantly lower mRNA and protein levels than genes without uAUGs. To determine the generality of this mechanism, we introduced uAUGs into S. cerevisiae genes and observed significantly reduced expression in 17/21 instances (p < 0.01), suggesting that uAUGs are functional in a wide variety of sequence contexts. Quantification of mRNA and protein levels for uAUG mutants showed that uAUGs affect both transcription and translation. Expression of uAUG mutants under the upf1? strain demonstrated that uAUGs stimulate the nonsense-mediated decay pathway. Our results suggest that uAUGs are potent and widespread regulators of gene expression that act by attenuating both protein and RNA levels.

Reference Type
Authors
Yun Y, Adesanya TM, Mitra RD
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations


Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference