Reference: Chen X, et al. (2012) Nucleosomes suppress spontaneous mutations base-specifically in eukaryotes. Science 335(6073):1235-8

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Abstract


It is unknown how the composition and structure of DNA within the cell affect spontaneous mutations. Theory suggests that in eukaryotic genomes, nucleosomal DNA undergoes fewer C-->T mutations because of suppressed cytosine hydrolytic deamination relative to nucleosome-depleted DNA. Comparative genomic analyses and a mutation accumulation experiment showed that nucleosome occupancy nearly eliminated cytosine deamination, resulting in an ~50% decrease of the C-->T mutation rate in nucleosomal DNA. Furthermore, the rates of G-->T and A-->T mutations were also about twofold suppressed by nucleosomes. On the basis of these results, we conclude that nucleosome-dependent mutation spectra affect eukaryotic genome structure and evolution and may have implications for understanding the origin of mutations in cancers and in induced pluripotent stem cells.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't | Comparative Study
Authors
Chen X, Chen Z, Chen H, Su Z, Yang J, Lin F, Shi S, He X
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