Reference: Silva GM, et al. (2012) Redox control of 20S proteasome gating. Antioxid Redox Signal 16(11):1183-94

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The goal of this work was to investigate the mechanism that regulates 20SPT activity, which includes the identification of the Cys residues prone to S-glutathiolation. RESULTS: Modulation of 20SPT activity by proteasome gating is at least partially due to the S-glutathiolation of specific Cys residues. The gate was open when the 20SPT was S-glutathiolated, whereas following treatment with high concentrations of dithiothreitol, the gate was closed. S-glutathiolated 20SPT was more effective at degrading both oxidized and partially unfolded proteins than its reduced form. Only 2 out of 28 Cys were observed to be S-glutathiolated in the proteasomal a5 subunit of yeast cells grown to the stationary phase in glucose-containing medium. METHODS: We demonstrate a redox post-translational regulatory mechanism controlling 20SPT activity. CONCLUSIONS: S-glutathiolation is a post-translational modification that triggers gate opening and thereby activates the proteolytic activities of free 20SPT. This process appears to be an important regulatory mechanism to intensify the removal of oxidized or unstructured proteins in stressful situations by a process independent of ubiquitination and ATP consumption. Antioxid. Redox Signal. 16, 1183-1194.

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Journal Article
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Silva GM, Netto L, Simoes V, Santos LF, Gozzo FC, Demasi MA, Oliveira CL, Bicev RN, Klitzke CF, Sogayar MC, ... Show all
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