We recently described a 125 kd membrane glycoprotein in Saccharomyces cerevisiae which is anchored in the lipid bilayer by an inositol-containing phospholipid. We now find that when S. cerevisiae cells are metabolically labeled with [3H]myoinositol, many glycoproteins become labeled more strongly than the 125 kd protein. Myoinositol is attached to these glycoproteins as part of a phospholipid moiety which resembles glycophospholipid anchors of other organisms. Labeling of proteins with [3H]myoinositol for short times and in secretion mutants blocked at various stages of the secretory pathway shows that these phospholipid moieties can be added to proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum and that these proteins are transported to the Golgi by the regular secretory pathway. sec53, a mutant which cannot produce GDP-mannose at 37 degrees C, does not incorporate myoinositol or palmitic acid into membrane glycoproteins at this temperature, suggesting that GDP-mannose is required for the biosynthesis of these phospholipid moieties. All other secretion and glycosylation mutants tested add phospholipid moieties to proteins normally.
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