Kar3Cik1 is a Saccharomyces cerevisiae kinesin-14 that functions to shorten cytoplasmic microtubules (MTs) during yeast mating yet maintains mitotic spindle stability by cross-linking anti-parallel interpolar MTs. Kar3 contains both an ATP- and a MT-binding site, yet there is no evidence of a nucleotide-binding site in Cik1. Presteady-state and steady-state kinetic experiments were pursued to define the regulation of Kar3Cik1 interactions with the MT lattice expected during interpolar MT cross-linking. The results reveal that association of Kar3Cik1 with the MT occurs at 4.9 ?M(-1) s(-1), followed by a 5-s(-1) structural transition that limits ADP release from the Kar3 head. Mant-ATP binding occurred at 2.1 ?M(-1) s(-1), and the pulse-chase experiments revealed an ATP-promoted isomerization at 69 s(-1). ATP hydrolysis was observed as a rapid step at 26 s(-1) and was required for the Kar3Cik1 motor to detach from MT. The conformational change at 5 s(-1) that occurred after Kar3Cik1 MT association and prior to ADP release was hypothesized to be the rate-limiting step for steady-state ATP turnover. We propose a model in which Kar3Cik1 interacts with the MT lattice through an alternating cycle of Cik1 MT collision followed by Kar3 MT binding with head-head communication between Kar3 and Cik1 modulated by the Kar3 nucleotide state and intramolecular strain.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|