The epigenetic factor [PSI+] in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is due to the prion form of Sup35p. The N-terminal domain of Sup35p (N), alone or together with the middle-domain (NM), assembles in vitro into fibrils that induce [PSI+] when introduced into yeast cells. The Sup35p C-terminal domain (C), involved in translation termination, is essential for growth. The involvement of Sup35p C-terminal domain into [PSI+] propagation is subject to debate. We previously showed that mutation of threonine 341 within Sup35p C-domain affects translation termination efficiency. Here, we demonstrate that mutating threonine 341 to aspartate or alanine results in synthetic lethality with [PSI+] and weakening of [PSI+] respectively. The corresponding Sup35D and Sup35A proteins assemble into wild-type like fibrils in vitro, but with a slower elongation rate. Moreover, cross-seeding between Sup35p and Sup35A is inefficient both in vivo and in vitro, suggesting that the point mutation alters the structural properties of Sup35p within the fibrils. Thus, Sup35p C-terminal domain modulates [PSI+] prion propagation, possibly through a functional interaction with the N and/or M domains of the protein. Our results clearly demonstrate that Sup35p C-terminal domain plays a critical role in prion propagation and provide new insights into the mechanism of prion conversion.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|