Ulk1 is a serine/threonine kinase and the mammalian functional homolog of yeast Atg1. It acts at the initiation step of autophagy and forms a complex with mAtg13, FIP200 and Atg101. Assembly of this complex is independent of mTOR signaling, indicating the regulation of autophagy initiation in mammals is different from that in yeast. In a recent study, we reported that Ulk1 can be phosphorylated by mTOR and AMPK kinases. AMPK associates with Ulk1 in nutrient-dependent manner. Rapid dissociation between Ulk1 and AMPK primes cells for fast autophagy induction upon nutrient withdrawal. These studies show that both mTOR and AMPK directly regulate Ulk1 and coordinate the mammalian autophagy initiation.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|