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Reference: Ai Y, et al. (2011) A novel ubiquitin binding mode in the S. cerevisiae translesion synthesis DNA polymerase ?. Mol Biosyst 7(6):1874-82

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Abstract

The ubiquitin binding zinc finger (UBZ) domain in the C-terminal portion of Pol? has been found to interact with ubiquitin. However, the affinity between the Pol? UBZ and ubiquitin was shown to be low with a previously reported K(d) of 73-81 ?M. This low-affinity binding between Pol? UBZ and ubiquitin has been difficult to reconcile with its presumed role in translesion synthesis as suggested by genetic and cell biology studies. In this work, we constructed a minimal S. cerevisiae Pol? UBZ domain and probed the Pol? UBZ-ubiquitin interaction using a surface plasmon resonance (SPR) technique. Our quantitative binding data between the wild-type or mutant Pol? UBZ and ubiquitin revealed an interesting divergence between the Pol? UBZ from S. cerevisiae and humans. Moreover, we found that the C-terminal portion of yeast Pol? (amino acid 515-632) binds ubiquitin with a much higher affinity than the minimal UBZ domain. Further, distinct ubiquitin-binding kinetics were observed for the C-terminal portion of Pol? and the isolated UBZ domain. This observation raised the interesting possibility that the Pol? C-terminal portion binds ubiquitin in a novel mode that affords higher affinity. Our findings have broader implication in understanding the generally weak interaction between the known ubiquitin-binding domains and ubiquitin.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Authors
Ai Y, Wang J, Johnson RE, Haracska L, Prakash L, Zhuang Z
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