Reference: Hashash N, et al. (2011) Regulation of fragile sites expression in budding yeast by MEC1, RRM3 and hydroxyurea. J Cell Sci 124(Pt 2):181-5

Reference Help

Abstract


Fragile sites are specific loci within the genome that exhibit increased tendencies for chromosome breakage. They are conserved among mammals and are also found in lower eukaryotes including yeast and fly. Many conditions, including mutations and exogenous factors, contribute to fragile site expression, but the nature of interaction among them remains elusive. Here, we investigated this by examining the combined effects of rrm3Delta, mec1 and hydroxyurea (HU), three conditions that induce fragile sites, on expression of the replication slow zone (RSZ), a type of fragile site in budding yeast. Contrary to the expectation that each factor would contribute to fragile site expression in an independent manner, we show that rrm3Delta and high concentrations of HU suppressed RSZ expression in mec1-4ts cells. Further analyses revealed that rrm3Delta suppression occurs via promotion of Sml1 degradation, whereas HU suppresses RSZ via a premature commitment to inviability. Taken together, these observations demonstrate that: (1) the yeast genome contains different types of fragile site with regard to regulation of their expression, and (2) each fragile-site-inducing condition does not act independently, but can elicit a cellular response(s) that can paradoxically prevent the expression of a specific type(s) of fragile sites.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Hashash N, Johnson AL, Cha RS
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations


Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference