In yeast, Arl3p recruits Arl1p GTPase to regulate Golgi function and structure. However, the molecular mechanism involved in regulating activation of Arl1p at the Golgi is unknown. Here, we show that Syt1p promoted activation of Arl1p and recruitment of a golgin protein, Imh1p, to the Golgi. Deletion of SYT1 resulted in the majority of Arl1p being distributed diffusely throughout the cytosol. Overexpression of Syt1p increased Arl1p-GTP production in vivo and the Syt1-Sec7 domain promoted nucleotide exchange on Arl1p in vitro. Syt1p function required the N-terminal region, Sec7 and PH domains. Arl1p, but not Arl3p, interacted with Syt1p. Localization of Syt1p to the Golgi did not require Arl3p. Unlike arl1Delta or arl3Delta mutants, syt1Delta did not show defects in Gas1p transport, cell wall integrity or vacuolar structure. These findings reveal that activation of Arl1p is regulated in part by Syt1p, and imply that Arl1p activation, by using more than one GEF, exerts distinct biological activities at the Golgi compartment.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|