Vacuolar ATPases uses the energy derived from ATP hydrolysis, catalyzed in the A(3)B(3) sector of the V(1) ATPase to pump protons via the membrane-embedded V(O) sector. The energy coupling between the two sectors occurs via the so-called central stalk, to which subunit F does belong. Here we present the first low resolution structure of recombinant subunit F (Vma7p) of a eukaryotic V-ATPase from Saccharomyces cerevisiae, analyzed by small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS). The protein is divided into a 5.5nm long egg-like shaped region, connected via a 1.5nm linker to a hook-like segment at one end. Circular dichroism spectroscopy revealed that subunit F comprises of 43% alpha-helix, 32% beta-sheet and a 25% random coil arrangement. To determine the localization of the N- and C-termini in the protein, the C-terminal truncated form of F, F(1-94) was produced and analyzed by SAXS. Comparison of the F(1-94) shape with the one of subunit F showed the missing hook-like region in F(1-94), supported by the decreased D(max) value of F(1-94) (7.0nm), and indicating that the hook-like region consists of the C-terminal residues. The NMR solution structure of the C-terminal peptide, F(90-116), was solved, displaying an alpha-helical region between residues 103-113. The F(90-116) solution structure fitted well in the hook-like region of subunit F. Finally, the arrangement of subunit F within the V(1) ATPase is discussed.CI - Copyright (c) 2010. Published by Elsevier B.V.
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