In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the two cryptic mating type loci, HML and HMR, are transcriptionally silent. Previous studies on the establishment of silencing at HMR identified a requirement for passage through S phase. However, the underlying mechanism for this requirement is still unknown. In contrast to HMR, we found that substantial silencing of HML could be established without passage through S-phase. In order to understand this difference, we analyzed several chimeric HM loci and found that promoter strength determined the S phase requirement. To silence a locus with a strong promoter such as the a1/a2 promoter required passage through S phase while HM loci with weaker promoters such as the alpha1/alpha2 or TRP1 promoter did not show this requirement. Thus, transcriptional activity counteracts the establishment of silencing but can be overcome by passage through S phase.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|