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Reference: Lee RE, et al. (2010) Metacaspase Yca1 is required for clearance of insoluble protein aggregates. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107(30):13348-53

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Abstract

In complex organisms, caspase proteases mediate a variety of cell behaviors, including proliferation, differentiation, and programmed cell death/apoptosis. Structural homologs to the caspase family (termed metacaspases) engage apoptosis in single-cell eukaryotes, yet the molecular mechanisms that contribute to nondeath roles are currently undefined. Here, we report an unexpected role for the Saccharomyces cerevisiae metacaspase Yca1 in protein quality control. Quantitative proteomic analysis of Deltayca1 cells identified significant alterations to vacuolar catabolism and stress-response proteins in the absence of induced stress. Yca1 protein complexes are enriched for aggregate-remodeling chaperones that colocalize with Yca1-GFP fusions. Finally, deletion and inactivation mutants of Yca1 accrue protein aggregates and autophagic bodies during log-phase growth. Together, our results show that Yca1 contributes to the fitness and adaptability of growing yeast through an aggregate remodeling activity.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Lee RE, Brunette S, Puente LG, Megeney LA
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