Boundaries between euchromatic and heterochromatic regions until now have been associated with chromatin-opening activities. Here, we identified an unexpected role for histone deacetylation in this process. Significantly, the histone deacetylase (HDAC) Rpd3 was necessary for boundary formation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. rpd3 led to silent information regulator (SIR) spreading and repression of subtelomeric genes. In the absence of a known boundary factor, the histone acetyltransferase complex SAS-I, rpd3 caused inappropriate SIR spreading that was lethal to yeast cells. Notably, Rpd3 was capable of creating a boundary when targeted to heterochromatin. Our data suggest a mechanism for boundary formation whereby histone deacetylation by Rpd3 removes the substrate for the HDAC Sir2, so that Sir2 no longer can produce O-acetyl-ADP ribose (OAADPR) by consumption of NAD(+) in the deacetylation reaction. In essence, OAADPR therefore is unavailable for binding to Sir3, preventing SIR propagation.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|