Reference: Jung CH, et al. (2010) mTOR regulation of autophagy. FEBS Lett 584(7):1287-95

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Abstract

Nutrient starvation induces autophagy in eukaryotic cells through inhibition of TOR (target of rapamycin), an evolutionarily-conserved protein kinase. TOR, as a central regulator of cell growth, plays a key role at the interface of the pathways that coordinately regulate the balance between cell growth and autophagy in response to nutritional status, growth factor and stress signals. Although TOR has been known as a key regulator of autophagy for more than a decade, the underlying regulatory mechanisms have not been clearly understood. This review discusses the recent advances in understanding of the mechanism by which TOR regulates autophagy with focus on mammalian TOR (mTOR) and its regulation of the autophagy machinery.CI - Copyright 2010 Federation of European Biochemical Societies. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Review | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't | Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Authors
Jung CH, Ro SH, Cao J, Otto NM, Kim DH
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