Yeast senses the availability of external energy sources via multiple interconnected signaling networks. One of the central components is SNF1, the homolog of mammalian AMP-activated protein kinase, which in yeast is essential for the expression of glucose-repressed genes. When glucose is available hyperphosphorylated SNF1 is rendered inactive by the type 1 protein phosphatase Glc7. Dephosphorylation requires Reg1, which physically targets Glc7 to SNF1. Here we show that the chaperone Ssb is required to keep SNF1 in the nonphosphorylated state in the presence of glucose. Using a proteome approach we found that the Deltassb1Deltassb2 strain displays alterations in protein expression and suffers from phenotypic characteristics reminiscent of glucose repression mutants. Microarray analysis revealed a correlation between deregulation on the protein and on the transcript level. Supporting studies uncovered that SSB1 was an effective multicopy suppressor of severe growth defects caused by the Deltareg1 mutation. Suppression of Deltareg1 by high levels of Ssb was coupled to a reduction of Snf1 hyperphosphorylation back to the wild-type phosphorylation level. The data are consistent with a model in which Ssb is crucial for efficient regulation within the SNF1 signaling network, thereby allowing an appropriate response to changing glucose levels.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|