Reactive oxygen species are ubiquitous mutagens that have been linked to both disease and aging. The most studied oxidative lesion is 7,8-dihydro-8-oxoguanine (GO), which is often miscoded during DNA replication, resulting specifically in GC > TA transversions. In yeast, the mismatch repair (MMR) system repairs GO:A mismatches generated during DNA replication, and the Poleta translesion synthesis DNA polymerase additionally promotes error-free bypass of GO lesions. It has been suggested that Poleta limits GO-associated mutagenesis exclusively through its participation in the filling of MMR-generated gaps that contain GO lesions. In the experiments reported here, the SUP4-o forward mutation assay was used to monitor GC >TA mutation rates in strains defective in MMR (Msh2 or Msh6) and/or in Poleta activity. Results clearly demonstrate that Poleta can function independently of the MMR system to prevent GO-associated mutations, presumably through preferential insertion of cytosine opposite replication-blocking GO lesions. Furthermore, the Poleta-dependent bypass of GO lesions is more efficient on the lagging strand of replication and requires an interaction with PCNA. These studies establish a new paradigm for the prevention of GO-associated mutagenesis in eukaryotes.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|