Reference: Pignede G, et al. (1991) Characterization of the POL3 gene product from Schizosaccharomyces pombe indicates inter-species conservation of the catalytic subunit of DNA polymerase delta. J Mol Biol 222(2):209-18

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Abstract

The Schizosaccharomyces pombe POL3 gene was isolated by sequence homology with a region of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae POL3 gene, the only gene sequenced to date encoding the catalytic subunit of eukaryotic DNA polymerase delta. The fission yeast POL3 gene contains a 52 base-pair (bp) intron and encodes a 3600 bp transcript the 5'-end of which is located 32 bp upstream from the initiation codon. The polypeptides predicted from budding and fission yeast POL3 genes share 52% of conserved amino acid residues and have a 60% identical central region. This structural conservation of the catalytic subunit of DNA polymerases delta is probably related to functional constraints. A portion of the most conserved region was used to raise antibodies against an S. pombe polymerase delta/beta-galactosidase fusion protein expressed in Escherichia coli. The purified antibodies recognized a 123,000 Da protein in S. pombe wild-type cell extracts and inhibited an aphidicolin-sensitive DNA polymerase activity that was distinct from DNA polymerase alpha. The antibodies also detected a 140,000 Da protein in extracts from different proliferating mammalian cells, indicating that the catalytic subunits of DNA polymerase delta are highly conserved between yeast and higher eukaryotes.

Reference Type
Journal Article
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Pignede G, Bouvier D, de Recondo AM, Baldacci G
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