Efficient export of secretory alkaline phosphatase (ALP) from the endoplasmic reticulum depends on the conserved transmembrane sorting adaptor Erv26p/Svp26p. In the present study we investigated the mechanism by which Erv26p couples pro-ALP to the coat protein complex II (COPII) export machinery. Site-specific mutations were introduced into Erv26p, and mutant proteins were assessed in cell-free assays that monitor interactions with pro-ALP cargo and packaging into COPII vesicles. Mutations in the second and third loop domains of Erv26p inhibited interaction with pro-ALP, whereas mutations in the C-terminal tail sequence influenced incorporation into COPII vesicles and subcellular distribution. Interestingly mutations in the second loop domain also influenced Erv26p homodimer associations. Finally we demonstrated that Ktr3p, a cis-Golgi-localized mannosyltransferase, also relies on Erv26p for efficient COPII-dependent export from the endoplasmic reticulum. These findings demonstrate that Erv26p acts as a protein sorting adaptor for a variety of Type II transmembrane cargo proteins and requires domain-specific interactions with both cargo and coat subunits to promote efficient secretory protein transport.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|