Heat shock enhanced the synthesis of neutral trehalase in growing cells of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, as detected by immunological methods. The activity of the enzyme was measured in extracts obtained by two methods: cells were either harvested by filtration and subsequent disruption with glass beads at 0-4 degrees C or immediately frozen with liquid nitrogen in the presence of Triton X-100, followed by thawing at 30 degrees C. The first procedure yielded artificially high activities of neutral trehalase in heat-shocked cells due to rapid (less than 1 min) activation during handling at 4 degrees C before homogenization. Activity of the enzyme in these homogenates decreased 75-90% upon a treatment with alkaline phosphatase, indicating that activation was due to phosphorylation. The second procedure yielded low trehalase activities for heat-shock treated cells, much higher activities for cells shifted back for some seconds to 27 degrees C, and very low activities again for cells shifted from 27 to 40 degrees C for a second time. Thus, permeabilization of cells following rapid freezing in Triton X-100 is a method of choice to study post-translational modulation of the neutral trehalase of S. cerevisiae by phosphorylation and dephosphorylation.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|