The outer membranes of Gram-negative bacteria, mitochondria, and chloroplasts harbor beta-barrel proteins. The signals that allow precursors of such proteins to be targeted to mitochondria were not characterized so far. To better understand the mechanism by which beta-barrel precursor proteins are recognized and sorted within eukaryotic cells, we expressed the bacterial beta-barrel proteins PhoE, OmpA, Omp85, and OmpC in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and demonstrated that they were imported into mitochondria. A detailed investigation of the import pathway of PhoE revealed that it is shared with mitochondrial beta-barrel proteins. PhoE interacts initially with surface import receptors, and its further sorting depends on components of the TOB/SAM complex. The bacterial Omp85 and PhoE integrated into the mitochondrial outer membrane as native-like oligomers. For the latter protein this assembly depended on the C-terminal Phe residue, which is important also for the correct assembly of PhoE into the bacterial outer membrane. Collectively, it appears that mitochondrial beta-barrel proteins have not evolved eukaryotic-specific signals to ensure their import into mitochondria. Furthermore, the signal for assembly of beta-barrel proteins into the bacterial outer membrane is functional in mitochondria.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|