Abstract Yeast preoxygenation can confer important advantages to brewery fermentations by means of omitting the need to oxygenate the wort. However, the impact of yeast preoxygenation on yeast metabolism has never been assessed systematically. Therefore, expression analysis was performed of genes that are of importance in oxygen-dependent pathways, oxidative stress response and general stress response during 8 h of preoxygenation. The gene expressions of both the important transcription factors Hap1 and Rox1, involved in oxygen sensing, were mainly increased in the first 3 h, while YAP1 expression, which is involved in the oxidative stress response, increased drastically only in the first 45 min. The results also show that stress-responsive genes (HSP12, SSA3, PAU5, SOD1, SOD2, CTA1 and CTT1) were induced during the process, together with the accumulation of trehalose. The accumulation of ergosterol and unsaturated fatty acids was accompanied by the expression of ERG1, ERG11 and OLE1. Genes involved in respiration (QCR9, COX15, CYC1 and CYC7) also increased during preoxygenation. Yeast viability did not decrease during the process, and the fermentation performance of the yeast reached a maximum after 5 h of preoxygenation. These results suggest that yeast cells acquire a stress response along the preoxygenation period, which makes them more resistant against the stressful conditions of the preoxygenation process and the subsequent fermentation.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|