Take our Survey

Reference: Leon S and Haguenauer-Tsapis R (2009) Ubiquitin ligase adaptors: regulators of ubiquitylation and endocytosis of plasma membrane proteins. Exp Cell Res 315(9):1574-83

Reference Help

Abstract


The subcellular localization of plasma membrane proteins, such as receptors and transporters, must be finely tuned so that they can be readily downregulated in response to environmental cues. Some of these membrane proteins are post-translationally modified by conjugation to ubiquitin, which is used as a molecular tag to commit them to the endocytic pathway and promote their subsequent delivery to the lysosomes for degradation. This ubiquitylation step, which is performed by so-called ubiquitin ligases (or E3), appears therefore as a critical event for endocytosis and is subject to many levels of regulation. In this review, we focus on the regulation of cargo ubiquitylation by accessory proteins, or "adaptors", and discuss the various ways by which they promote the action of ubiquitin ligases toward their specific cargoes. Common features emerge on this mode of regulation, which is present from yeast to human, regardless of the type of ubiquitin ligase in charge of the ubiquitylation. Finally, because these adaptors represent an additional layer of specificity in the ubiquitylation cascade, and can themselves be subject to a complex regulation, they are essential actors in the fine-tuning of endocytosis.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Leon S, Haguenauer-Tsapis R
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations


Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference