Most eukaryotic pre-mRNAs contain non-coding sequences (introns) that must be removed in order to accurately place the coding sequences (exons) in the correct reading frame. This critical regulatory pre-mRNA splicing event is fundamental in development and cancer. It occurs within a mega-Dalton multicomponent machine composed of RNA and proteins, which undergoes dynamic changes in RNA-RNA, RNA-protein, and protein-protein interactions during the splicing reaction. Recent years have seen progress in functional and structural analyses of the splicing machine and its subcomponents, and this review is focused on structural aspects of the pre-mRNA splicing machine and their mechanistic implications on the splicing of multi-intronic pre-mRNAs. It brings together, in a comparative manner, structural information on spliceosomes and their intermediates in the stepwise assembly process in vitro, and on the preformed supraspliceosomes, which are isolated from living cell nuclei, with a view of portraying a consistent picture.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|