The assembly and activity of cytochrome c oxidase is dependent on the availability of heme A, one of its essential cofactors. In eukaryotes, two inner mitochondrial membrane proteins, heme O synthase (Cox10) and heme A synthase (Cox15), are required for heme A biosynthesis. In this report, we demonstrate that in Saccharomyces cerevisiae the transcription of COX15 is regulated by Hap1, a transcription factor whose activity is positively controlled by intracellular heme concentration. Conversely, COX10, the physiological partner of COX15, does not share the same regulatory mechanism with COX15. Interestingly, protein quantification identified an 8:1 protein ratio between Cox15 and Cox10. Together, these results suggest that heme A synthase and/or heme O synthase might play a new, unidentified role in addition to heme A biosynthesis.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|