Reference: Mordes DA and Cortez D (2008) Activation of ATR and related PIKKs. Cell Cycle 7(18):2809-12

Reference Help

Abstract

The DNA damage response kinase ATR is an essential regulator of genome integrity. TopBP1 functions as a general activator of ATR. We have recently shown that TopBP1 activates ATR through its regulatory subunit ATRIP and a PIKK regulatory domain (PRD) located adjacent to its kinase domain. This mechanism of ATR activation is conserved in the S. cerevisiae ortholog Mec1. ATR is a member of the PIKK family of protein kinases that includes ATM, DNA-PKcs, mTOR and SMG1. The PRD regulates the kinase activity of other PIKKs and may serve as a site of interaction between these kinase and their respective activators. Activation of ATR by TopBP1 is maximal at low substrate concentrations and declines exponentially as substrate concentration increases. These data are consistent with a model in which TopBP1 acts to alter the conformation of ATR-ATRIP to increase the ability of ATR to bind substrates. A further understanding of the mechanism of ATR activation will likely provide insights into the regulation of related PIKKs.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Mordes DA, Cortez D
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations

Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference