MOTIVATION: Epistatic or genetic interactions, representing the effects of mutating one gene on the phenotypes caused by mutations in one or more distinct genes, can be very helpful for uncovering functional relationships between genes. Recently, the Epistatic Miniarray Profiles (E-MAP) method has emerged as a powerful approach for identifying such interactions systematically. For E-MAP data analysis, hierarchical clustering is used to partition genes into groups on the basis of the similarity between their global interaction profiles, and the resulting descriptions assign each gene to only one group, thereby ignoring the multi-functional roles played by most genes. RESULTS: Here we present an original Local Coherence Detection (LCD) algorithm for identifying groups of functionally related genes from E-MAP data in a manner that allows individual genes to be assigned to more than one functional group. This enables investigation of the pleiotropic nature of gene function. The performance of our algorithm is illustrated by applying it to two E-MAP datasets and an E-MAP-like in silico dataset for the yeast S. cerevisiae. In addition to recapitulating the majority of the functional modules and many protein complexes reported previously, our algorithm uncovers many recently documented and novel multi-functional relationships between genes and gene groups. Our algorithm hence represents a valuable tool for uncovering new roles for genes with annotated functions and for mapping groups of genes and proteins into pathways. AVAILABILITY: A Java implementation of the LCD algorithm is available at URL http://genepro.ccb.sickkids.ca/biclustering.html. CONTACT: email@example.com SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: URL to be provided by the journal.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|