Take our Survey

Reference: Hu F, et al. (2008) Identification of Clb2 Residues Required for Swe1 Regulation of Clb2-Cdc28 in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Genetics 179(2):863-74

Reference Help

Abstract


Wee1 kinases regulate the cell cycle through inhibitory phosphorylation of cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs). Eukaryotic cells express multiple CDKs, each having a kinase subunit (Cdk) and a regulatory "cyclin" subunit that function at different stages of the cell cycle to regulate distinct processes. The cyclin imparts specificity to CDK-substrate interactions and also determines whether a particular CDK is subject to Wee1 regulation. Saccharomyces Wee1 (Swe1) inhibits Cdc28 (Cdk1) associated with the mitotic cyclin, Clb2, but not with the G(1) (Cln1, -2, and -3) or the S-phase (Clb5 and -6) cyclins. Here, we show that this specificity depends on two amino acids associated with a conserved "hydrophobic patch" (HP) motif on the cyclin surface, which mediates specificity of CDK-substrate interactions. Mutation of Clb2 residues N260 and K270 largely abrogates Clb2-Cdc28 regulation by Swe1, and reciprocal mutation of the corresponding residues in Clb5 can subject Clb5-Cdc28 to regulation by Swe1. Swe1 phosphorylation by Clb2-Cdc28, which is thought to activate Swe1 kinase, depends on N260 and K270, suggesting that specific regulation of Clb2-Cdc28 by Swe1 derives from the specific ability of Clb2 to target Swe1 for activating phosphorylation. The stable association of Swe1 with Clb2-Cdc28 also depends on these residues, suggesting that Swe1 may competitively inhibit Clb2-Cdc28 interactions with substrates, in addition to its well-known function as a regulator of CDK activity through tyrosine phosphorylation.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Hu F, Gan Y, Aparicio OM
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations


Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference