Reference: Tian GL, et al. (1991) Incipient mitochondrial evolution in yeasts. I. The physical map and gene order of Saccharomyces douglasii mitochondrial DNA discloses a translocation of a segment of 15,000 base-pairs and the presence of new introns in comparison with Saccharomyces cerevisiae. J Mol Biol 218(4):735-46

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Abstract

We have determined the physical and genetic map of the 73,000 base-pair mitochondrial genome of a novel yeast species Saccharomyces douglasii. Most of the protein and RNA-coding genes known to be present in the mitochondrial DNA of Saccharomyces cerevisiae have been identified and located on the S. douglasii mitochondrial genome. The nuclear genomes of the two species are thought to have diverged some 50 to 80 million years ago and their nucleo-mitochondrial hybrids are viable but respiratorily deficient. The mitochondrial genome of S. douglasii displays many interesting features in comparison with that of S. cerevisiae. The three mosaic genes present in both genomes are quite different with regard to their structure. The S. douglasii COXI gene has two new introns and is missing the five introns of the S. cerevisiae gene. The S. douglasii cytochrome b gene has one new intron and lacks two introns of the S. cerevisiae gene. Finally, the L-rRNA gene of S. douglasii, like that of S. cerevisiae, has one intron of which the structure is different. Another salient feature of the S. douglasii mitochondrial genome reported here is that the gene order is different in comparison with S. cerevisiae mitochondrial DNA. In particular, a segment of approximately 15,000 base-pairs including the genes coding for COXIII and S-rRNA has been translocated to a position between the genes coding for varl and L-rRNA.

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Journal Article
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Tian GL, Macadre C, Kruszewska A, Szczesniak B, Ragnini A, Grisanti P, Rinaldi T, Palleschi C, Frontali L, Slonimski PP, ... Show all
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