Take our Survey

Reference: Hjelmstad RH and Bell RM (1991) sn-1,2-diacylglycerol choline- and ethanolaminephosphotransferases in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Mixed micellar analysis of the CPT1 and EPT1 gene products. J Biol Chem 266(7):4357-65

Reference Help

Abstract


The Saccharomyces cerevisiae CPT1 and EPT1 genes are structural genes encoding distinct sn-1,2-diacylglycerol choline- and ethanolaminephosphotransferases. A haploid cpt1 ept1 double null mutant lacked detectable choline- and ethanolaminephosphotransferase activity but was viable for growth, establishing that these enzymes are nonessential. The activities of the CPT1 and EPT1 gene products were independently studied in membranes prepared from strains mutant in the cognate locus using mixed micellar assays. Both enzymes absolutely required phospholipid cofactors; half-maximal activation was observed at low mole fractions, suggesting that a small number of phospholipid molecules are required. The activities of the CPT1 and EPT1 gene products were compared with respect to dioleoylglycerol dependence, CDP-aminoalcohol specificity, phospholipid activation, and inhibition by CMP. The EPT1 gene product utilized CDP-ethanolamine, -monomethylethanolamine, -dimethylethanolamine, and -choline to significant extents, while the CPT1 gene product manifested relative specificity for CDP-choline and -dimethylethanolamine. The CPT1 and EPT1 gene products exhibited differing properties with respect to phospholipid activation, but this difference was dependent on the CDP-aminoalcohol substrate. In contrast, the two enzymes could be distinguished on the basis of their dioleoylglycerol dependencies, activation by Mg2+, and CMP inhibition profiles regardless of the CDP-aminoalcohol substrate employed. These studies provide the first definitive kinetic properties of individual choline- and ethanolaminephosphotransferases.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S. | In Vitro
Authors
Hjelmstad RH, Bell RM
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations


Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference