Ubiquitin-mediated proteolysis is a major pathway for selective protein degradation in eukaryotic cells. This proteolysis pathway involves the processive covalent attachment of ubiquitin to proteolytic substrates and their subsequent degradation by a specific ATP-dependent protease complex. We have cloned the genes and characterized the function of ubiquitin-conjugating enzymes (UBCs) from the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. UBC1, UBC4 and UBC5 enzymes were found to mediate selective degradation of short-lived and abnormal proteins. These enzymes have overlapping functions and constitute a UBC subfamily essential for growth. UBC1 is specifically required at early stages of growth after germination of spores. UBC4 and UBC5 enzymes generate high molecular weight ubiquitin-protein conjugates and comprise a major ubiquitin-conjugation activity in yeast cells. Moreover, these enzymes are central components of the cellular stress response.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|