Bik1p is the budding yeast counterpart of the CLIP-170 family of microtubule plus-end tracking proteins, which are required for dynein localization at plus ends and dynein-dependent spindle positioning. CLIP-170 proteins make up a CAP-Gly microtubule-binding domain, which sustains their microtubule plus-end tracking behaviour. However, in yeast, Bik1p travels towards plus ends as a cargo of the plus-end-directed kinesin Kip2p. Additionally, Kip2p behaves as a plus-end-tracking protein; hence, it has been proposed that Bik1p might track plus ends principally as a cargo of Kip2p. Here, we examined Bik1p localization in yeast strains expressing mutant tubulin lacking the C-terminal amino acid (Glu tubulin; lacking Phe), the interaction of which with Bik1p is severely impaired compared with wild type. In Glu-tubulin strains, despite the presence of robust Kip2p comets at microtubule plus ends, Bik1p failed to track plus ends. Despite Bik1p depletion at plus ends, dynein positioning at the same plus ends was unperturbed. Video microscopy and genetic evidence indicated that dynein was transported at plus ends in a Kip2p-Bik1p-dependent manner, and was then capable of tracking Bik1p-depleted plus ends. These results indicate that Bik1p interactions with tubulin are important for Bik1p plus-end tracking, and suggest alternative pathways for Bik1p-Kip2p-dependent dynein localization at plus ends.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|