Reference: Lopez-Mirabal HR, et al. (2008) Oxidant resistance in a yeast mutant deficient in the Sit4 phosphatase. Curr Genet 53(5):275-86

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Abstract

Resistance to thiol oxidation can arise from mutations altering redox homeostasis. A Saccharomyces cerevisiae sit4-110 mutant is here described, which was isolated as resistant to the thiol-specific oxidant dipyridyl disulfide (DPS) and which contains a single-residue substitution in the SIT4 gene. Sit4p is a protein phosphatase with multiple roles in signal transduction through the target-of-rapamycin (TOR) pathway. We found that sit4-110 elevates the levels of glutathione. However, this cannot be the (only) cause for the DPS-resistance, since sit4-110 also conferred DPS/H(2)O(2)-resistance in a glutathione-deficient strain. Of the known Sit4p substrates, only Tip41p is involved in DPS-resistance; both Deltatip41 deletion and overexpression of the Tip41p target Tap42p resulted in increased DPS-resistance. Thus, the role of Sit4p in DPS-tolerance differs from its role during TOR-inactivation and salt stress. In view of Tap42p's known involvement in actin homeostasis, sit4-110 could compensate for putative actin-related defects caused by DPS. However, sit4-110 has pronounced actin polarization defects under both absence and presence of DPS. A relation between actin homeostasis and DPS resistance of sit4-110 cannot be ruled out, but our results suggest that unknown pathways might be involved in DPS resistance through mechanisms involving the Sit4p and/or Tap42p function(s).

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Lopez-Mirabal HR, Winther JR, Kielland-Brandt MC
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