Expression of the budding yeast retrotransposon Ty3 results in production of viruslike particles (VLPs) and retrotransposition. The Ty3 major structural protein, Gag3, similar to retrovirus Gag, is processed into capsid, spacer, and nucleocapsid (NC) during VLP maturation. The 57 aa Ty3 NC protein has 17 basic aa and contains one copy of the CX2CX4HX4C zinc-binding motif found in retrovirus NC proteins. Ty3 RNA, protein, and VLPs accumulate in clusters associated with RNA processing bodies (P bodies). This study investigated the role of the NC domain in Ty3-P body clustering and VLP assembly. Fifteen Ty3 NC Ala substitution and deletion mutants were examined using transposition, immunoblot, RNA protection, cDNA synthesis, and multimerization assays. Localization of Ty3 proteins and VLPs was characterized microscopically. Substitutions of each of the conserved residues of the zinc-binding motif resulted in loss of Ty3 RNA packaging. Substitution of the first two of four conserved residues in this motif caused loss of Ty3 RNA and protein clustering with P bodies and disrupted particle formation. NC was shown to be a mediator of formation of Ty3 RNA foci and association of Ty3 RNA and protein with P bodies. Mutations which disrupted these NC functions resulted in varying degrees of Gag3 nuclear localization and a spectrum of different particle states. Our findings are consistent with the model that Ty3 assembly is associated with P-body components. We hypothesize that the NC domain acts as a molecular switch to control Gag3 conformational states that affect both assembly and localization.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|