Take our Survey

Reference: Chen SC, et al. (2007) Automated image analysis of protein localization in budding yeast. Bioinformatics 23(13):i66-71

Reference Help

Abstract

MOTIVATION: The yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is the first eukaryotic organism to have its genome completely sequenced. Since then, several large-scale analyses of the yeast genome have provided extensive functional annotations of individual genes and proteins. One fundamental property of a protein is its subcellular localization, which provides critical information about how this protein works in a cell. An important project therefore was the creation of the yeast GFP fusion localization database by the University of California, San Francisco, USA (UCSF). This database provides localization data for 75% of the proteins believed to be encoded by the yeast genome. These proteins were classified into 22 distinct subcellular location categories by visual examination. Based on our past success at building automated systems to classify subcellular location patterns in mammalian cells, we sought to create a similar system for yeast. RESULTS: We developed computational methods to automatically analyze the images created by the UCSF yeast GFP fusion localization project. The system was trained to recognize the same location categories that were used in that study. We applied the system to 2640 images, and the system gave the same label as the previous assignments to 2139 images (81%). When only the highest confidence assignments were considered, 94.7% agreement was observed. Visual examination of the proteins for which the two approaches disagree suggests that at least some of the automated assignments may be more accurate. The automated method provides an objective, quantitative and repeatable assignment of protein locations that can be applied to new collections of yeast images (e.g. for different strains or the same strain under different conditions). It is also important to note that this performance could be achieved without requiring colocalization with any marker proteins. AVAILABILITY: The original images analyzed in this article are available at http://yeastgfp.ucsf.edu, and source code and results are available at http://murphylab.web.cmu.edu/software CONTACT: murphy@cmu.edu.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Chen SC, Zhao T, Gordon GJ, Murphy RF
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations

Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference