The dermaseptins are a family of antimicrobial peptides from the tree-frog Phyllomedusa sauvagii. Yeast exposed to dermaseptin S3(1-16), a truncated derivative of dermaseptin S3 with full activity, showed diagnostic markers of yeast apoptosis: the appearance of reactive oxygen species and fragmentation of nuclear DNA. This process was independent of the yeast caspase, Yca1p. Screening of a non-essential gene deletion collection in yeast identified genes that conferred resistance to dermaseptin S3(1-16): izh2Delta, izh3Delta, stm1Delta and aif1Delta, all known to be involved in regulating yeast apoptosis. The appearance of apoptotic markers was reduced in these strains when exposed to the peptide. Dermaseptin S3(1-16) was shown to interact with DNA, and cause DNA damage in vivo, a process known to trigger apoptosis. Supporting this, a dermaseptin S3(1-16) affinity column specifically purified Stm1p, Mre11p and Htb2p; DNA-binding proteins implicated in yeast apoptosis and DNA repair. Thus, amphibians may have evolved a mechanism to induce cell suicide in invading fungal pathogens.
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|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
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