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Reference: Iinuma T, et al. (2007) Mammalian Sec16/p250 plays a role in membrane traffic from the endoplasmic reticulum. J Biol Chem 282(24):17632-9

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Abstract

COPII-coated vesicles/carriers, which mediate export of proteins from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), are formed at special ER subdomains in mammals, termed ER exit sites or transitional ER. The COPII coat consists of a small GTPase, Sar1, and two protein complexes, Sec23-Sec24 and Sec13-Sec31. Sec23-Sec24 and Sec13-Sec31 appear to constitute the inner and the outermost layers of the COPII coat, respectively. We previously isolated two mammalian proteins (p125 and p250) that bind to Sec23. p125 was found to be a mammalian specific, phospholipase A1-like protein that participates in the organization of ER exit sites. Here we show that p250 is encoded by the KIAA0310 clone and has sequence similarity to yeast Sec16 protein. Although KIAA0310p was found to be localized at ER exit sites, subcellular fractionation revealed its predominant presence in the cytosol. Cytosolic KIAA0310p was recruited to ER membranes in a manner dependent on Sar1. Depletion of KIAA0310p mildly caused disorganization of ER exit sites and delayed protein transport from the ER, suggesting its implication in membrane traffic out of the ER. Overexpression of KIAA0310p affected ER exit sites in a manner different from that of p125. Binding experiments suggested that KIAA0310p interacts with both the inner and outermost layer coat complexes, whereas p125 binds principally to the inner layer complex. Our results suggest that KIAA0310p, a mammalian homologue of yeast Sec16, builds up ER exit sites in cooperation with p125 and plays a role in membrane traffic from the ER.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Iinuma T, Shiga A, Nakamoto K, O'brien MB, Aridor M, Arimitsu N, Tagaya M, Tani K
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