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Reference: Sommer T and Seufert W (1992) Genetic analysis of ubiquitin-dependent protein degradation. Experientia 48(2):172-8

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Abstract

Selective degradation of cellular proteins serves to eliminate abnormal proteins and to mediate the turnover of certain short-lived proteins, many of which have regulatory functions. In eukaryotes a major pathway for selective protein degradation is ATP-dependent and is mediated by the ubiquitin system. This pathway involves substrate recognition by components of a ubiquitin-protein ligase system, covalent attachment of ubiquitin moieties to proteolytic substrates, and subsequent degradation of these conjugates by a multicatalytic protease complex. Recent genetic evidence suggests that the remarkable selectivity of this process is largely controlled at the level of substrate recognition by the ubiquitin ligase system. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, ubiquitin-conjugating enzymes UBC1, UBC4 and UBC5 have been identified as key components of this highly conserved degradation pathway. Genetic analysis indicates that ubiquitin-dependent proteolysis is essential for cell viability and that UBC4 and UBC5 enzymes are essential components of the eukaryotic stress response.

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Journal Article | Review | Review, Academic
Authors
Sommer T, Seufert W
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