Arrays of >5,000 Saccharomyces cerevisiae proteins were screened to identify proteins that can preferentially bind a small RNA hairpin that contains a clamped adenine motif (CAM). A CAM is required for the replication of Brome Mosaic Virus (BMV), a plant-infecting RNA virus that can replicate in S. cerevisiae. Several hits were selected for further characterization in Nicotiana benthamiana. Pseudouridine Synthase 4 (Pus4) and the Actin Patch Protein 1 (App1) modestly reduced BMV genomic plus-strand RNA accumulation, but dramatically inhibited BMV systemic spread in plants. Pus4 also prevented the encapsidation of a BMV RNA in plants and the reassembly of BMV virions in vitro. These results demonstrate the feasibility of using proteome arrays to identify specific RNA-binding proteins for antiviral activities. Furthermore, the effects of Pus4 suggest that the CAM-containing RNA motif provides a regulatory link between RNA replication and encapsidation.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|