To learn about the cellular processes involved in Mg(2+) homeostasis and the mechanisms allowing cells to cope with low Mg(2+) availability, we performed RNA expression profiling experiments, and followed changes in gene activity upon Mg(2+) depletion on a genome-wide scale. A striking portion of genes up-regulated under Mg(2+) depletion is also induced by high Ca(2+) and/or alkalinization. Among the genes significantly up-regulated by Mg(2+) starvation, Ca(2+) stress and alkalinization are ENA1 (encoding a P-type ATPase sodium pump) and PHO89 (encoding a sodium/phosphate cotransporter). We show that up-regulation of these genes is dependent on the calcineurin/Crz1p signaling pathway. Similarly to Ca(2+) stress, Mg(2+) starvation induces translocation of the transcription factor Crz1p from the cytoplasm into the nucleus. The up-regulation of ENA1 and PHO89 upon Mg(2+) starvation depends on extracellular Ca(2+). Using fluorescence resonance energy transfer microscopy we demonstrate that removal of Mg(2+) results in an immediate increase in free cytoplasmic Ca(2+). This effect is dependent on external Ca(2+). Results presented indicate that Mg(2+) depletion in yeast cells leads to enhanced cellular Ca(2+) concentrations, which activate the Crz1p/calcineurin pathway. We provide evidence that calcineurin/Crz1p signaling is crucial for yeast cells to cope with Mg(2+) depletion stress.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|