It is shown that in addition to the active site, each subunit of Escherichia coli inorganic pyrophosphatase (E-PPase) contains an extra binding site for the substrate magnesium pyrophosphate or its non-hydrolyzable analog magnesium methylenediphosphonate. The occupancy of the extra site stimulates the substrate conversion. Binding affinity of this site decreased or disappeared upon the conversion of E-PPase into a trimeric form or introduction of point mutations. However, when the slowly hydrolyzed substrate, lanthanum pyrophosphate (LaPP(i)), is used, the extra site was revealed in all enzyme forms of E-PPase and of Y-PPase (Saccharomyces cerevisiae PPase), resulting in about 100-fold activation of hydrolysis. A hypothesis on the localization of the extra site and the mechanism of its effect in E-PPase is presented.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|