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Reference: Sweet TJ, et al. (2007) Microtubule disruption stimulates P-body formation. RNA 13(4):493-502

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Abstract

Processing bodies (P-bodies) are subcellular ribonucleoprotein (RNP) granules that have been hypothesized to be sites of mRNA degradation, mRNA translational control, and/or mRNA storage. Importantly, P-bodies are conserved from yeast to mammals and contain a common set of evolutionarily conserved protein constituents. P-bodies are dynamic structures and their formation appears to fluctuate in correlation with alterations in mRNA metabolism. Despite these observations, little is understood about how P-body structures are formed within the cell. In this study, we demonstrate a relationship between P-bodies and microtubules in the budding yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae. First, we demonstrate that disruption of microtubules by treatment with the drug benomyl leads to aggregation of P-body components. Consistent with this finding, we also demonstrate that disruption of microtubules by a temperature-sensitive allele of the major alpha tubulin, TUB1 (tub1-724) stimulates P-body formation. Second, we find that the alpha-tubulin protein Tub1 colocalizes with P-bodies upon microtubule destabilization. Third, we determine that a putative tubulin tyrosine ligase, encoded by YBR094W, is a protein component of P-bodies, providing additional evidence for a physical connection between P-bodies and microtubules. Finally, we establish that P-bodies formed by microtubule destabilization fail to correlate with global changes in the stability of mRNA or in general mRNA translation. These findings demonstrate that the aggregation of P-body components is linked to the intracellular microtubule network, and, further, that P-bodies formed by disruption of microtubules aggregate independent of broad alterations in either mRNA decay or mRNA translation.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Sweet TJ, Boyer B, Hu W, Baker KE, Coller J
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